Arterial hypertension? Learn how to prevent its effects
Hypertension is a disease associated with the measurement of blood pressure, which is the force exerted by the heart on the arteries as it pumps blood throughout the body. The instruments to monitor the pressure reflect numbers corresponding to the systolic blood pressure (the measurement of the pressure when the heart muscle contracts and pumps the blood) and diastolic (the pressure between beats when your heart is at rest and filling with blood) , being located one above and one below respectively.
When it is called hypertension, it means that blood pressure is high (from 140/90 mm Hg) because the indicators that are within normal should be located at approximately 120/80 mm Hg. On the contrary, some people, such as those who have had kidney, heart or stroke problems, usually have low blood pressure.
Among the causes that produce this type of problems are: salt intake, poor functioning of the renal system, circulatory or nervous, aging, obesity, stress, diabetes, nicotine consumption, reglar, family history or daily alcohol consumption . There are other elements that can cause tension to be altered, but are rather temporary causes, such as pregnancy, the consumption of some medications and even endocrine problems.
There are 2 types of hypertension:
One in which 9 out of 10 people with high blood pressure have what is called primary or essential hypertension , which means that it does not have a single obvious cause. In contrast, approximately 1 in 20 people with high blood pressure have secondary hypertension that means the opposite of primary hypertension because it can be linked to a known and well-identified cause.
How to identify if you have hypertension?
Although it is true that sometimes there are not very obvious signs, it is necessary to be alert because when the necessary measures are taken, it is already in the presence of complications without the possibility of reversing them, however, those who have alterations in blood pressure They usually begin to experience headaches, vision problems, nosebleeds, nausea, fainting, seizures, even confusion.
Generally, the blood pressure rises when a large amount of blood is pumped, there is abundant blood in the circulatory system or failing, the walls of the arteries are losing qualities such as elasticity, contraction or narrowness.
How to prevent it?
One of the best ways to prevent hypertension is to make a timely evaluation or review with a specialist doctor, as well as tests to detect irregularities. Among the most common tests are the urine and blood test, an electrocardiogram where protein can be detected in the urine, cholesterol and sugar present in the blood and the electrical activity of the heart.
On the other hand, the tension is variable throughout the day and for this you can have a digital blood pressure monitor at hand, it is practical, comfortable and easy to use. It is important to take readings on different days and not only when you feel bad. Setting weekly schedules to take the pressure and get consistent readings can help regulate blood pressure.
What are the possible treatments?
The intention of the treatments is to keep the tension level to have a lower risk of complications. Everything begins with a better lifestyle, trying to have a healthy diet, maintain balance, and be accompanied by some kind of physical activity and abundant hydration. Also, leave bad habits and look for food products that provide fiber, vitamins and minerals that promote heart function.
Control the consumption of alcohol and salt, try to achieve a more tranquil or relaxed life, practicing de-stressing activities. Medicines are a very common solution, depending on each person is indicated the particular dose and regularity to maintain a balance permanently.
The blood pressure is part of the way in which the organism works and evidently, when it does not work of the suitable form it is necessary to investigate in the factors that produce it. Hypertension is frequent in older people, that is, 7 out of 10 people over 75 years of age have high blood pressure and that is why a permanent control and lead a healthy lifestyle are essential to maintain a good quality of life .