First aid: Basic techniques you should know
First aid is basic medical care techniques that allow immediate health emergencies to be attended. The main objective of providing assistance to injured and sick patients to stabilize their vital signs, prevent infections, facilitate primary care and relieve pain until the patient can be seen by qualified personnel.
Employing practices in the right way can make the difference between life and death in emergency circumstances. On the contrary, a bad practice in some procedures could represent a danger for the victims, that is why here you can find the steps that must be followed before the various eventualities.
How to assemble a First Aid Kit ?
One of the main considerations to be taken into account before meeting the basic techniques of primary care is to purchase a kit first aid have some tools to serve patients. These must contain:
Sterile gauze to cover wounds. Pharmacy adhesive tapes. Bandages of different sizes. Creams with antibiotics. Scissors. Antibacterial soap Band aids. Thermometers Gloves Alcohol. Tweezers.
As well as these, other pharmacy products should be included to facilitate the curettage of wounds or bandages for fractures, immobilisations or injuries.
First aid techniques
There are different types of first aid depending on the eventuality that may occur, each one has different levels of difficulty and require some skills.
CPR or Pulmonary Cardio-Resuscitation
This is the first first aid technique to be learned in case of an irregularity in breathing or heartbeat. The most specific example is for those victims of drowning; Before providing medical attention, the assistant must:
Arrange the victim face up. Place the palms of the hands, one on top of the other at the midpoint of the sternum (center of the chest). Apply at least 30 strong and fast compressions with the impulse of your body. Tilt the head back to free the airways. Detect some sign of breathing with the ear near the nose or mouth of the victim.
In case you do not observe the patient's reactions, you need to cover your mouth firmly, clog your nostrils, keep your head tilted and provide mouth-to-mouth breathing until the chest is lifted. The most important step is to repeat the entire procedure until a voluntary breathing response or the arrival of paramedics who will offer medical services.
In general, accidents are related to deep wounds that generate heavy bleeding. In that case, it is essential that the assistant know the basic techniques to stop him and thus avoid the decompensation of the victim. For this, the assistant must:
Rinse your hands with antibacterial soaps to prevent wound infections. Place the victim in a comfortable position to verify the condition of the wound. Cover the wound with sterile gauze to stop bleeding. Clean the wound with alcohol. Make a bandage to stop the bleeding.
If it is a serious wound that is in high-risk areas such as arteries or there are embedded objects, it is advisable to try to calm the patient, investigate what happened and contact the emergency number as soon as possible.
Asphyxia can occur due to obstruction of food or small objects in the respiratory tract. In this case the assistant must perform first aid quickly to prevent the victim from being without oxygen for a long time.
Place the asphyxiate standing. Get behind the victim. Surround your arms on the patient's waist and form a fist with your hand. Make upward pressure with the fist above the navel and below the sternum. For greater effectiveness, exert force with the other hand and repeat the procedure until the object or food comes out.
The only way to stop the help in this procedure is for the patient to lose consciousness. Therefore, try to start first aid while another person makes the emergency call.
In case of witnessing the fainting of a person who was apparently stable, the assistant of:
Lay the victim on his back. Raise your legs at 120 degrees to stimulate blood circulation to the brain. Stimulates the patient with strong smells such as alcohol. In case you recover consciousness, it is necessary to lift it slowly to avoid losing consciousness again. Otherwise, get in touch quickly with the emergency number.
These are the basic first aid techniques that you must take into account when witnessing an accident or health emergency .
The benefits of these are not only for those victims who go through a bad time or suffered an accident, the assistants also have the opportunity to conserve lives, avoid psychological complications and know what actions to perform on certain occasions.
Even offering calm and security to those who need it most can become a personal satisfaction, for this and more, obtaining this knowledge is a requirement that each individual can consider as a personal metal.
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